Nehemia “Skip” James

The blues' dark prophet

by Keith Purtell

Skip James

Skip James

Highly emotive, often strange, James was one of a half-dozen virtuosos of Delta blues. He stood out from other artists not only because of his skill, but because of his courage in pursuing his creative vision when it went contrary to popular taste. With dark themes and sophisticated finger-picking, James helped redefine what could be done with three-chord music. Added to that was his superior vocal phrasing and wild piano playing. Whether because of religious background or personal hardships, his music usually reflected a dire outlook on life. One writer said it always seemed like night when Skippy sang the blues.

The son of a minister, James for a while tried to find his life purpose preaching and singing in a choir, but he eventually returned to secular music. He finally gave up music altogether for a number of years. Re-discovered at age 62 during the mid-1960s blues revival, James was supporting himself at the time by working as a field hand; an astonishing waste of talent.

Skip James

Skip James photo by Lawrence Shustack,
taken at the Newport Folk Festival, 1964.

Unlike a lot of other Delta bluesmen, James’ abilities were not skewed in favor of either singing or picking. He was equally adept at both. James’ recorded performances are clean and solid. Just above the subtle ka-thunk of his rhythm you can hear the nicely shaped counterpoint of his fingerpicking. His balanced blues delivery is a lost art. If you were raised on Eddie Van Halen, this kind of guitar music won’t mean much to you. The songs are built on the give-and-take between storytelling and playing instead of on heavy rhythm and melodic hooks.

Although he is best known for songs like “Devil Got My Woman” and “Hard Time Killing Floor,” equally powerful is a strange song on the “Devil Got My Woman” CD called “Sick Bed Blues.” Singing in an eerie falsetto, James produces something frightening; something that verges on Middle Eastern melodic style. It isn’t the kind of blues music typically packaged for mass consumption, but it is one of Skippy’s most compelling statements. Implied in his musicianship is a declaration of human dignity and artistic ambition despite the openly antagonistic culture of his era.

Song samples:



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