Felons in a city park
by Keith Purtell
It's August 8, 2015, at a park in Broken Arrow, Okla. I'm looking at a tree rooted in a carpet of grass. The park is warm and peaceful this morning.
A friend has loaned me a digital camera to try out. Looking through the viewfinder as I sit in my car, I'm wondering if changing a setting on the lens will make photos sharper. The first image isn't aimed—I'm just holding the camera at shoulder level pointing straight ahead—so I delete that one. Then I focus on a hackberry tree to my left. The radio is on and guests on the TED Radio Hour are talking about computers.
There's a knock at the passenger side. I look over my right shoulder to see two women about age 30. I roll down the window.
"Are you taking pictures?" one asks. I start to answer, but the other woman interrupts: "Are you from around here?"
I realize they need directions.
Most men are happy to be knowledgeable and useful. So I take another breath to ask what place they're trying to find.
That's when they attack. It's a hail of accusations alleging assault on their children. A playground is a block away—more than 90 yards. They also repeatedly claim "We're in law enforcement! We're in law enforcement!" (impersonating an officer of the law is a felony) Their faces twist as they build to a frenzy. "Are you a registered sex offender!?" "Do you have a D‑O‑C number!?"
Sticking their faces into my passenger window, their pony tails lashing as they cock their heads first right then left like deranged clowns, in synchronized motion, they rant: "Do you have a D‑O‑C number!?" "Are you a registered sex offender!?" Their glee is obvious.
My family has lived nearby for decades. The trees and creek are like an oasis. These natural features are meaningful to me and thousands of other people who visit the park each year.
This park has always seemed safe. The east side is more peaceful, and it attracts workers on lunch break from nearby businesses.
The attack erased that sense of peace. I kept trying to answer their questions, believing a calm answer would make everything alright. The one shouting the loudest told me I could "either leave immediately or wait for the police!"
Waiting for the law
That sounded good, because I was getting angry. I believed there would be an accounting when police found out what the attackers had done. High on the adrenaline rush of the attack—the thrill of the kill—the two strutted back to rejoin their associates.
It takes quite a lot to get a typical woman to commit an act of extreme aggression. This is one of the reasons I knew these were not typical people.
Not suspicious, but oh well
An officer arrived and asked for photo ID, and a description of what happened. I handed him the camera and showed him how to look through the images. Then I sensed movement behind me at the passenger's side window, and saw another officer peering at my vehicle contents.
Suddenly they had me out of the car and lifted my T-shirt to check for weapons. While we stood in the hot sun, shouting-woman No. 1 and shouting-woman No. 2 had returned to a group on the opposite side of the park. They had a good view of what they had started; a well-timed sucker punch. A third officer searched my car, including the trunk. (In legal circles, this is called a "suspicionless search"—the subject has not done anything suspicious but gets searched regardless. There are specific police rules defining "suspicious.")
Pick a side
One officer walked across that distance to interview the women. His return in about 10 minutes surprised me. Two months later I would learn that the women had identified themselves as employees of the state penal system (not law enforcement1), so "D‑O‑C" meant Department Of Corrections. I would also later learn that a man in the company of the women had lied to a 911 operator in order to lure police to the scene (lying to a 911 operator is a felony). The perps were not just jacking with me; they also jacked with law enforcement.
But on that day, I only knew that when the officer returned, he had become strangely disinterested in the attack and verbal harassment I experienced. In fact, he and a second officer shifted the tone of their remarks to focus on me.
They said I was "not a suspect," which I already knew, because the suspects were on the other side of the park. The officers added several remarks:
- One said that in the time it took them to arrive, I could have deleted pictures. Apparently this was my reward for showing them my photos in the loaned camera.
- And one dismissed a statement I made about the attackers' bizarre behavior. He said they were ordinary "concerned" people.
Shock & reckoning
They asked if I had questions. Dazed, I answered no. As I got back into my car, one of their vehicles headed south. That left their SUV and possibly a third vehicle.
I looked in my rear-view mirror. The officers were closing up shop. No shirt lifting or vehicle searches for the people who staged the scenario. Nothing.
In fairness, the police at the park were downstream from the perps. They would not have been there if not for the prison employees.
I don't know how much unnecessary work the perps generated inside the police department. I presume this event caused a diversion of police time, skill and materials. Those resources could have gone to something important.
The perps should apologize. Not an e-mail apology or a letter. I think the two screamers and the guy who lied to 911 (a felony) should go down to the police station in person, and look some officers in the eye, and apologize for the problems they caused.
Participants in a mob get anonymity and a vacation from their conscience. If ordinary citizens had done this, they would have ended up in front of a judge. Here is another reminder of what people do when they know there will be no consequences for their behavior.
How do we forgive the sadists among us? How do we forgive those who feel gratified to aim their violent feelings at fellow human beings? At least I can be grateful that local police did not also carry out the perps' desire that police should be their instruments of physical violence.
For days I couldn't calm down. On a Friday I called the police department records division. A friendly voice said enough time had passed for an incident report to be in the system, but my name did not result in a match. Why would they not have anything in their system?
The strangest thing I remembered was the way the shouters rotated their heads while hollering in tandem; as if their faces were windshield wipers at war with each other.
On a Thursday, I took a long lunch break and drove to the police department to fill out a Citizens Crime Report. Through thick glass, the ladies at the front desk told me they no longer offered that procedure2 but could have an officer speak with me. Instead, a young female employee named Yasmine called my smartphone from inside their offices. I told her I worried about what might happen next time I was at the park, that I did not understand what I had done that might have led to this.
'We will respond'
"You did not do anything wrong," she said. "If you are ever there and believe something is not right or that someone might be trying to create a problem for you, call us. Just call us and we will respond."
Wow. She was really nice. I walked out the front entrance. As I passed the few vehicles parked out front, one caught my attention. Where had I seen that compact black SUV before? With unique features on the roof and expensive metallic hubcaps? That raised a flag. At home that night, I used software to recover the image discarded as useless. I enlarged it.
There the vehicle was next to the group the attackers had been part of: Same color, same make and model, same features on the roof, and same hubcaps.
There is a long strip of asphalt named Interstate 435 that winds through the east side of the Kansas City metro. Late one afternoon in 2005, I traveled north there, returning from a job search in another state. Off to the right, I saw hillside homes and businesses lit up in the coral hues of a setting sun. I had a vivid impression of the lives of all the people there; their hopes and dreams and the stories of their local history. I was separated from them by the geographic distances of city life.
I remember that moment in my car, in relation to another moment 10 years later in the same car, in a park on a Saturday morning. As the attackers looked across some distance and beheld a person they did not know, they refused to recognize that I had a human life. They sought to impose on me the darkness in their own lives.
In June of 2020, there was a national tsunami of government violence against citizens. It followed the murder of George Floyd. The government violence targeted anyone protesting the Floyd murder and any journalists covering the protests. Watching the videos of uniformed gangs, I remembered the shrieking state employees at the park.
There was symbiosis between the park perps and officers: The DOC people were determined not to take adult responsibility for adult decisions. The officers were determined not to inconvenience them with the process of taking responsibility. The officers offered a professional courtesy.
One connection between these two events is crime for sport. I did not know such a thing existed before the events in the park. Nor did I suspect there are people who get government jobs because they want immunity from the law; people advancing their enjoyment of adding to the world's suffering.
Nature marks the beginning and end of this narrative: From the perspective of trees, history has propelled people into conflicts. As people abandoned green places and massed by the millions in gray places, they also specialized and became strangers to each other.
Three such strangers were in a park that day, and they leveraged their relationship with local law enforcement to add guns to the mix. The trees had no influence in this assertion of power, because the power of green things is diffuse. So, the conflict escalated.
Our cultural ideas of compassion have a provenance; a history of ownership by people willing to reach across emotional barriers. We see the benefits of understanding as self evident. But what of those like the park perps who view interconnection among all humans as a type of weakness? Those whose model of right and wrong is forged in violence?
It's unclear whether we can dissuade those who choose belligerence. But we can do our best not to be diverted from the shared truths that sustain human beings in healthy communities. There are safe places, especially in our hearts.
The world is holy. We are holy. All life is holy. Daily prayers are delivered on the lips of breaking waves, the whisperings of grasses, the shimmering of leaves.
—Terry Tempest Williams
Related: My camera work
A few past and current photos
Could the prison people have been from another state?
I didn't get into that, but they were probably Oklahoma DOC Here are some thoughts:
- In 2017, I got through to a top media relations person at the Oklahoma DOC: Matthew Elliott. He apparently read this article. He expressed sympathy for what I experienced, and then he asked "Do you have any other photos of the individuals?" That raised a flag. There are no photos of the individuals on this page. So, what did he mean by "other"? Someone at the DOC paid close attention to how I described the only three images I captured that day. I wondered if he was fishing around to find out if I had evidence that would be strong in court. The only way to test this theory was send him the three pictures: Two of a nearby tree trunk, and one with a lot of dashboard included because I clicked the shutter while holding the camera at chest level. I sent the images and never heard from him again. Not strong in court.
ADDENDUM: When this happened, I created a Google Alert to monitor media items about the Oklahoma DOC I recently noticed a disturbing trend in the alerts. The DOC has found a way to insert their agency into news reports concerning law enforcement events such as people being arrested. I believe they are deliberately blurring the line between two separate roles in our society. In a sense, they are echoing what their employees in the park shouted that day: "We're in law enforcement!" (Impersonating an officer is a felony.)
So, I re-assert: A jailor is not a police officer. Other roles in our legal system such as judges and attorneys are also not police officers, but they are not making such a claim.
DOC employees need to stay within the bounds of their assigned limitations of power.
For anyone who reads this; if you see a news report where this blurring occurs, please contact the news agency and express your concern about the disinformation.
- Penal systems in other states probably have a standard of ethics for employees. No, I'm not trying to be sarcastic. With Oklahoma's fondness for locking up people of color, poor people and women, it's not a surprise that some of their employees enjoy randomly selecting other human beings to be their personal victims. And then, using their quasi-relationship with local police to avoid explaining themselves in open court, as would other citizens under similar circumstances. It seems reasonable that prison people from other states would be less likely to go that crazy, or to assume such a degree of familiarity with police across the border.
- The ODOC does not attempt to maintain the fiction that they want to help inmates re-direct their lives as contributing members of the community and escape the trauma and societal elitism that leads most inmates to crime. The ODOC is part of the same system, practicing vengeance and furthering an internal culture of sadism.
- Physical access. I'm guessing that most people who visit a small park either live or work nearby.
Didn't the the police department employee offer to help?
Yes, she did, but the offer was only good for the future, and phrased that way for a reason. The odds of anyone else being aggressive enough to launch an attack in the park are low, and the odds that they also would be government employees are even lower. So, the kindness I was offered in that phone call does not extend so far as to hold DOC employees responsible before the same laws that you and I obey.
Weren't the rednecks breaking the law?
Yes; they broke three laws, and two of those acts are felonies. Organizing public harassment of another person for fun is illegal in the general category of disturbing the peace. Lying to a 911 operator is a felony, and so is falsely claiming to be a law enforcement officer.
On May 30, 2016, I contacted Tulsa County District Attorney Steve Kunzweiler and asked the following (also delivered in letter form):
"DA Steve Kunzweiler:
Does Oklahoma state law allow 911 callers to relay gossip heard from third parties, contrasted with information of which the 911 caller has firsthand knowledge?"
DA Kunzweiler ignored the question. But, I remembered this email and letter years later, when I submitted more than 40 pages of evidence in a criminal fraud case, and the district attorney's office apparently threw that material in the trash without bothering to tell me why.
Should police protect citizens? (new tab/window)
Two years later—no perps
One year later, in August 2016—no perps
ChatGPT (April 2023):
1Generally speaking, law enforcement officers are individuals who are authorized to enforce laws and maintain public order. Within the legal system, there are several categories of personnel who may be considered law enforcement officers:
Police officers: These are uniformed officers who are authorized to enforce the law, investigate crimes, and maintain order in their jurisdiction. They may work for local, state, or federal agencies.
Sheriff's deputies: These are law enforcement officers who work for the sheriff's office in a county or other jurisdiction. They have similar responsibilities to police officers, but their jurisdiction may be limited to a particular geographic area.
Bail bondsmen: These individuals are not typically considered law enforcement officers, as their role is primarily to ensure that defendants show up for their court appearances by posting bail.
Bailiffs: Bailiffs are officers of the court who are responsible for maintaining order and security in courtrooms. While they may not have full law enforcement powers, they may be authorized to make arrests in certain circumstances.
Judges: Judges are not typically considered law enforcement officers, as their primary role is to interpret and apply the law. However, they may have some limited powers of enforcement, such as issuing warrants or contempt citations.
Attorneys: Attorneys are not law enforcement officers, as their role is to represent clients and advocate for their interests in legal proceedings.
Wardens: Wardens are the highest-ranking officials in a correctional facility, and are responsible for overseeing all aspects of the facility's operations. While they may have some law enforcement powers, their primary role is administrative.
Jailers and prison employees: These individuals are responsible for the care and custody of individuals who have been arrested or convicted of crimes. While they may have some law enforcement powers, such as the authority to use force in self-defense or to prevent an escape, their primary role is to ensure the safety and security of inmates.
Overall, the term "law enforcement officer" typically applies to those individuals who have the authority to enforce the law and maintain public order. While there may be some overlap between different categories of legal system personnel, such as bailiffs or prison employees who may have limited law enforcement powers, the term generally applies most directly to police officers and sheriff's deputies.
The phrase "enforce the law and maintain public order" means that the individuals who are authorized to do so have the responsibility to make sure that people are following the laws and regulations set in their respective jurisdictions (cities and counties), and that public safety and order are being upheld.
For example, if someone breaks the law by committing a crime, a law enforcement officer like a police officer has the authority to arrest that person and bring them to court to face legal consequences for their actions.
Additionally, law enforcement officers are responsible for preventing and responding to emergencies, such as natural disasters or public safety threats.
For example, a police officer helps keep people safe by patrolling the streets, responding to emergencies, and arresting people who break the law. This can include anything from stopping drivers who are speeding or running a red light to investigating crimes like theft or assault.
Additionally, firefighters and paramedics are also considered part of the group responsible for maintaining public order, as they help keep people safe in emergencies and provide medical care to those in need.
Overall, the concept of law enforcement officers enforcing the law and maintaining public order means that there are people who are authorized to help keep society safe and make sure that people are following the rules that have been established to ensure that everyone can live together in peace and harmony.
2Citizens in the United States have the right to fill out a crime report at a police station. There is no federal law that clearly guarantees this right, but it is generally seen as inherent under the U.S. Constitution.
Each state has its own laws regarding the procedures for filing a crime report, but in general, citizens can walk into a police station and request to file a report. The police department must accept the report, take down the information, and investigate the incident if necessary.
Police may refuse to accept a crime report if the alleged crime does not fall under their jurisdiction or if the report is deemed frivolous or false. In some cases, police may also refuse to take a report if the statute of limitations has expired or if there is insufficient evidence to support the alleged crime.
It is important to note that citizens have the right to report crimes and should not be discouraged from this. If a police department refuses to take a crime report, citizens may consider contacting a supervisor or filing a complaint with the department or an oversight agency.
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